Skip to content

Posts tagged ‘definisi pengungsi lintas batas’

Summary Definition of Refugee

Under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, the definition could be simplified in a bullet point below;

 The definition of refugee under the 1951 Convention is;

  1. A person who is outside his/her country of nationality (or habitual residence if have no nationality),
  2. Who is unable or (owing to his or her fear) unwilling to avail him/herself of the protection of that country (ie to return there),
  3. Because of a ‘well-founded’ fear;
    1. Subjective element – he/she must be afraid
    2. Objective element – there must be evidence from his/her country (eg newspaper articles, ngo reports, un reports) that shows that he/she has a good reason to be afraid
  4. Of persecution (eg threat to life or freedom or other serious violations of human rights),
  5. Based on;
    • Race (includes ethnic group),
    • Religion,
    • Nationality (ethnic or linguistic group),
    • Political opinion, or
    • Membership of a particular social group (usually persons of similar background, habits or social status, often with a characteristic which is innate, unchangeable or fundamental).

Read more